The programming language “immediate C” or iC is a declarative, event driven extension of the procedural language C – useful for control and robotics and for dealing with events generated in a GUI.
iC utilizes the syntax of C to give meaning to statements that have no semantic support in C. In addition to standard variables, which are modified by the flow of instructions, iC provides so called ‘immediate‘ variables, whose values are updated, whenever a change of input calls for an immediate change in output. An efficient Data Flow technique implements this strategy.
iC provides programmers with built in operators, whose function is closely modelled on integrated circuits. The name iC is a reminder of this fact. Logical AND, OR, EXCLUSIVE-OR and NOT as well as D flip-flops, SR flip-flops, shift registers and many others are implemented in such a way, that their use in iC follows the same design rules, which apply to their hardware counterparts. These rules have led to a well-developed hardware technology, whose effectiveness is demonstrated by the success of today’s complex computer hardware. Particularly the concept of clocked functions plays an important role in the language iC. It gives the same protection against timing races in iC programs, as it provides for hardware IC designs. But iC is not a hardware description language nor a simulation language – it provides the functionality and some of the speed of field-programmable gate arrays to C programmers.
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A set of hooks for GIT, which do real version number incrementing when a file that contains a well formed $Id string is committed. These hooks have absolutely no effect on files not containing a $Id string. A major feature of these hooks is the fact that they are compatible with GIT branch names and store the branch name from which a file is committed in the $Id string.
The format of a clean well formed $Id <version> strings for these hooks is very similar to those used by RCS/CVS/SVN, namely full stop separated pairs of major and minor versions:
* the first string is the major version number in the master branch.
* even strings are consecutive version numbers in the branch.
* odd strings identify branches (branch names or numbers).
The following are a sequence if $Id strings for the file xx.c after a series of 3 edit/commits in the ‘master’ branch followed by 2 edit/commits in branch ‘bxx’ followed by an edit/commit in branch ‘byy’:
$Id: xx.c 1.1 $
$Id: xx.c 1.2 $
$Id: xx.c 1.3 $
$Id: xx.c 1.3.bxx.1 $
$Id: xx.c 1.3.bxx.2 $
$Id: xx.c 1.3.bxx.2.byy.1 $
This is how the $Id text is stored in the GIT archive after each commit. After ‘smudging’, which is applied to the file in the working directory after a git commit/fetch/checkout, the last $Id would look like this:
$Id: xx.c 1.3.bxx.2.byy.1 30e82ef 2016-04-03 14:48:24 +1000 Joe Blow $
This automatic method if $Id keyword expansion shows the current file name, the branch in which an instance of a file was edited and its individual version number within that branch. This information is embedded in the text of a file in a manner, which is fully compatible with GIT. After smudging, the $Id also shows the commit SHA-1, the date and the author of the file instance. The $Id information in each file provides an independent file oriented view, which can be regarded as a belts and braces approach to handling files in GIT.
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